Sinusitis (Sinus Infection) Treatment, Causes, Symptoms, & Types 


Chronic sinusitis results, regardless of treatment, when the nose and head’s sinuses are inflamed and swollen for three months or more. Because of this common disorder, which interferes with the natural evacuation of mucus, your nose becomes clogged. Breathing through your nose may be difficult, and the area around your eyes may feel puffy or itchy. Chronic sinusitis may be brought on by nasal polyps, an infection, an enlargement of the sinus lining, or any of these conditions. The ailment can strike both adults and children, known alternatively as chronic rhinosinusitis. Keep on reading to learn more!

What kinds of sinuses can be found close to the nose and eyes?

Your head’s paranasal sinuses are located near your nose and eyes. They are so-called because skeletons support them. 

  • The ethmoidal sinuses between your eyes.
  • Your eyes are below the maxillary sinuses.
  • Behind your eyes, behind the sphenoidal sinuses.
  • Your eyes are higher than your frontal sinuses.
  • The maxillary cavity, the largest sinus cavity, is one of the most commonly infected ones.

There are various sinusitis types, including:

  • Acute bacterial sinusitis: Also known as “double sickening,” it is characterized by the rapid development of cold symptoms like runny nose, stuffy nose, and facial pain that persist for more than ten days.
  • Chronic sinusitis: This condition lasts for at least 12 weeks and is characterized by nasal congestion, drainage, facial pain or pressure, and a diminished sense of smell. 
  • Subacute sinusitis: This condition is characterized by symptoms that persist for four to twelve weeks. 
  • Recurrent acute sinusitis: This phrase refers to episodes of acute sinusitis that recur four times or more in a year and last less than two weeks each time. 

Sinusitis symptoms

Common signs and symptoms include: 

  • Nasal inflammation 
  • Thick, discolored nasal discharge 
  • Postnasal drainage (drainage down the back of the neck)  
  • A congested or blocked nose that makes it difficult to breathe through your nose 
  • Swelling, pain, and discomfort near your eyes, cheekbones, nose, or forehead
  • Reduced sense of smell and taste 
  • Sinus Infection

Other signs and Sinusitis symptoms can include: 

  • Ear pain 
  • Headache 
  • Teeth and your upper jaw hurting 
  • Cough or throat clearing
  • Sore throat 
  • Bad breath
  • Fatigue 

Both chronic and acute sinusitis exhibit the same signs and symptoms. The signs and symptoms of a chronic sinusitis last for at least 12 weeks, even if you may have several episodes of acute sinusitis prior to acquiring them. However, acute sinusitis is a brief sinus infection frequently related to a cold. Although it’s not often present, fever can occur with acute sinusitis. 

Sinusitis causes 

Chronic sinusitis can be brought on by: 

  • Nasal polyps: These tissue growths might obstruct the sinuses or the nasal passages. 
  • Deviated nasal septum: The wall separating the nostrils, or septum, can obstruct or restrict sinus passageways, exacerbating sinusitis symptoms. 
  • Other medical disorders: Nasal blockage can result from the side effects of illnesses like cystic fibrosis, HIV, and other immune system-related conditions. 
  • Respiratory tract infections: Respiratory tract infections, most frequently colds, can thicken and swell your sinus membranes and prevent mucus from draining. Bacteria or viruses may be at blame for these infections. 
  • Hay fever and other allergies: Inflammation brought on by allergens can obstruct your sinuses. 

Risk factors 

The following conditions enhance your risk of developing chronic sinusitis: 

  • A deviated nasal septum
  • Nasal polyps
  • Asthma
  • Aspirin sensitivity
  • A dental infection
  • A fungal infection
  • Tumors
  • Hay fever or similar allergy condition
  • Dysfunction of the immune system like HIV/AIDS or cystic fibrosis
  • Regular exposure to toxins like cigarette smoke


Although they are uncommon, severe chronic sinusitis consequences can include the:

  • Vision issues: If your sinus infection spreads to your eye socket, it could result in permanent blindness or impaired vision. 
  • Infections: People with chronic sinusitis occasionally get meningitis, a condition of the bones, or a severe skin infection. Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes and fluid around the brain and spinal cord. 


To reduce your risk of getting chronic sinusitis, seek this advice: 

  • Prevent upper respiratory infections: Keep your distance from someone ill with the flu or another virus.  
  • Take control of your allergies: Consult your doctor to manage symptoms.  
  • Refrain from smoking and breathing dirty air: These substances might irritate and inflame your lungs and nasal passages.
  • Use a humidifier: If your home has dry air from forced hot air heating or another source, adding moisture to the air may help avoid sinusitis.  

How is sinusitis diagnosed?

Your healthcare professional will question you extensively to compile a thorough medical history and learn about your symptoms. They’ll conduct a physical examination as well. Your doctor will check your throat, nose, and ears to see if there is any swelling, discharge, or obstruction. If you need an imaging test, your doctor would ask for a computed tomography (CT) scan. An endoscope, a tiny lighted/optical device, can be utilized to see inside the nose. On occasion, you may be given the name of an ENT specialist.

Sinusitis Treatment 

Depending on how severe the sinusitis is, there are many treatments for sinusitis. Treatment  includes: 

  • Decongestants. 
  • Over-the-counter remedies for allergies and colds. 
  • Nasal irrigation with saline. 
  • Consume liquids (sinusitis is a viral infection; fluids will help). 

After ten days, if sinusitis symptoms have not decreased, your doctor may advise: 

  • Antibiotics (for seven days in adults and ten days in children). 
  • Decongestants, either topical or oral. 
  • Prescription steroid sprays for the nose. 

Typically, this is handled using the following:

  • Sprays of intranasal steroids 
  • Oral or topical antihistamine medications 
  • Leukotriene antagonists to lessen allergic reactions and edema 
  • Rinsing the nose with saline solutions that may also include various medications 

When to see a doctor

Schedule an appointment if: 

  • You’ve experienced sinusitis before, and the illness doesn’t improve with treatment. 
  • You’ve experienced sinusitis symptoms for more than ten days. 
  • Your symptoms don’t go away after visiting the doctor

Consult a doctor right away if:

  • Fever 
  • Swelling or redness around your eyes 
  • Severe headache 
  • Forehead swelling 
  • Confusion 
  • Double vision or other vision changes 
  • Stiff neck


A sinus infection known as sinusitis can result in fluid buildup and sinus blockage. Colds or allergies are the usual culprits. The obstruction could lead to an infection. If you have any sinusitis symptoms, please see a doctor immediately. And regarding the most excellent doctors, Dr. Simple Bhandania’s care is unmatched in terms of quality. For the best sinusitis treatment, get in touch with Dr. Simple Bhandania.