Rhinology nose and sinus| A Comprehensive Guide


What is rhinology?

Nasal and sinus issues are treated by the specialism of rhinology and sinus surgery. We frequently treat sinusitis, nasal blockage, and allergy-related issues. Minimally invasive procedures can also be used to treat uncommon disorders such as sinus tumours or tumours of the anterior skull base.

Rhinologists treat patients who present with nasal polyps, chronic sinusitis, tumours of the skull base, or other nose- and sinus-related disorders. You receive comprehensive care for the diagnosis and treatment of your illness from the rhinology speciality group on a team basis. Internists and surgeons work together with your rhinologist to treat you. Additionally, you have access to counselling, pre-operative evaluation, medical and surgical treatment, and post-treatment care.

Experts in complicated medical disorders relating to the nose, sinuses, and surrounding areas, rhinologists diagnose and treat these conditions. Additionally, they have a great deal of experience with cutting-edge diagnostic procedures and surgical methods including endoscopic skull base surgery.

Rhinology causes

The study of the nose and its problems falls under the umbrella of rhinology, a branch of medicine. Issues with the nose can be caused by several different disorders and situations. Common causes of rhinology include:

  • Nasal Trauma: Accidental structural changes to the nose may affect breathing and result in long-term problems.
  • Environmental Irritants: The nasal passages may become inflamed and irritated after exposure to irritants.
  • Dryness: Dry conditions and low humidity levels can dry out the nasal mucosa, causing irritation, bleeding, and nasal congestion.
  • Systemic Diseases: Sarcoidosis and granulomatosis with polyangiitis are two examples of systemic diseases that can have an impact on the nose and sinuses.
  • Foreign Bodies: Placing small things in a child’s nose might result in infection and blockage.
  • Tumors: Rarely, benign, and malignant tumours can form in the sinuses or nasal cavity, causing a variety of symptoms depending on where they are and how large they are.
  • Infections: Acute or chronic sinusitis, rhinitis, or nasal congestion can all be caused by bacterial, viral, or fungal infections that affect the nasal passages and sinuses.
  • Allergies: Allergy rhinitis is a condition that can result from allergic reactions to pollen, dust mites, pet dander, mould, and other allergens and cause symptoms like sneezing, itching, runny noses, and nasal congestion.
  • Nasal Polyps: Non-cancerous growths that may appear in the sinus or nasal mucosa and restrict the airways, making it harder to breathe and impairing smell.
  • Deviated Septum: The airway in the nostrils can become blocked by a crooked or uneven nasal septum, which can result in chronic nasal congestion or recurrent sinus infections.
  • Rhinosinusitis: Inflammation of the sinuses and nasal passages, which may be brought on by allergies, infections, or other conditions.

Rhinology surgery

Medical professionals that specialise in rhinology surgery, sometimes referred to as nasal surgery or nasal speciality surgery, diagnose and treat conditions affecting the nose and sinuses. Otolaryngologists (ear, nose, and throat specialists) who have acquired specialised training in treating ailments affecting the nasal passages and sinuses frequently conduct this surgical specialisation.

The following common conditions could necessitate rhinology surgery:

  • Nasal Congestion: Persistent obstruction or stuffiness in the nasal passages, which could have several underlying reasons.
  • Sinus Tumors: The removal of uncommon growths or tumours that may form in the sinuses through surgery.
  • Chronic Rhinosinusitis with Nasal Polyposis: Nasal polyps are a defining characteristic of this subtype of chronic sinusitis.
  • CSF Leak Repair: Surgery to fix a skull defect or hole that allows cerebrospinal fluid to enter the nasal passages.
  • Chronic Sinusitis: Inflammation and infection of the sinuses that last for a long time and frequently don’t get better with medicine.
  • Nasal Polyps: Non-cancerous growths that can obstruct the nasal passages and cause breathing problems and a loss of smell.
  • Deviated Septum: A disorder when the septum, the wall dividing the two nostrils, is misaligned, or displaced, leading to sinus and respiratory troubles.

Rhinology surgery aims to improve nasal function, reduce symptoms, and improve the patient’s quality of life. These days, a lot of rhinology procedures are carried out utilising minimally invasive methods, like endoscopic sinus surgery, which uses a tiny, flexible tube equipped with a camera to view and treat the nose and sinus passages.

Patients with nasal and sinus issues often undertake medical therapy, which involves taking drugs such nasal corticosteroids, antibiotics, and decongestants, before considering surgery. Rhinology surgery could be advised if more natural remedies are ineffective or the problem is severe.

To choose the best course of action for the patient’s unique needs and specific situation, it’s crucial to speak with an expert ENT specialist or rhinology surgeon.

What is ent rhinology?

Otolaryngology-head and neck surgery includes the specialism of ENT rhinology, sometimes referred to as otolaryngology rhinology or rhinology and sinus surgery. It focuses particularly on the identification and management of sinus and nasal problems. With their in-depth knowledge of the anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the nasal passages and sinuses, otolaryngologists with rhinology training are well-equipped to treat a variety of nasal and sinus problems.

Additionally, ENT rhinologists are essential in the diagnosis and treatment of numerous allergy and immunological diseases that affect the nose and sinuses.

Patients who have persistent nasal congestion, frequent sinus infections, loss of smell, or other nasal and sinus-related symptoms may benefit from consulting with an ENT rhinologist. When necessary, these experts can perform extensive assessments, medicinal treatments, and surgical operations for nose and sinus conditions.

As with any medical ailment, it is crucial to seek the advice of a licenced and experienced ENT specialist who can make a precise diagnosis and suggest the best course of action based on the patient’s unique requirements.


When you visit a nose and sinus specialist (rhinologist), you might also receive advice from allergies, pulmonology, neurology, neurosurgery, gastrointestinal, sleep medicine, and other medical specialists as necessary. For instance, if you visit a rhinologist for nasal polyps and you also have asthma, your rhinologist will work closely with an allergist or pulmonologist to make sure you receive treatment for both issues. If you are searching for the best doctor, do contact Dr. Simple Bhadania!!